I just encountered this one on March 26, 2012 AP Calculus EDG courtesy of Doug Kuhlmann with the original article from the Mathematics Magazine, Vol 57 No.4 September 1984. The article is available here.
I thought it was cool enough to repost here. The wording is slightly reworked and LaTeXed from Doug’s AP Calculus EDG posting.
Suppose f is a function such that and exists. Then converges absolutely if and and diverges otherwise.
Here are two examples:
- If then . In this case, and , therefore converges.
- If then . Since , therefore diverges.